We had an excellent talk from Bea and received very useful information on how to try and stop our bees from swarming and what to do if we get a swarm. It was a very interactive session with lots of questions.
I have tried to give as much information as I had made notes on and I have taken the liberty to add video links which I have found useful.
Why do bees swarm? Swarming is the bee’s natural method of reproduction so its always going to be difficult to control it. Imagine if we were to try controlling human reproduction?
When? Weather dependent. Early summer. Bees on Oil Seed Rape. Hive becomes congested. Lack of ventilation.
Signs: Strong Colony, Increase in drone brood, queen off lay, queen cells.
A Bee Health Workshop was held at Teagasc Thurles on 10/03/18. There were 11 participants which included four of us from East Waterford..Mary Madigan, Hanora and Caoimhin O’Leary and myself. The course was given by Eleanor Attridge Bee Health Committee FIBKA,
We were all asked to bring a sample of 30 bees. This was the first drama..how to collect same sample and then worse still to have to freeze the little creatures, But as Eleanor said..”Better to loose 30 bees than your full hive“.
We arrived in Thurles armed with the bees. The room was set up so that we all had a microscope to work with. The theme for the day was learning to identify Acarine and Nosema in our bees. Firstly we had to learn how to use the microscope and tweezers, then pin our bees through the thorax and remove the head with a scalpal. There was then a collar to remove to expose the trachea which is where acarine mites reside. Eleanor did think that for all of us that used Apigard in the Autumn we were unlikely to find Acarine which indeed turned out to be correct. It was a fascinating piece of work as we saw the bee in great detail and appreciated the working parts of our bees much better. Visible signs of Acarine could include crawling bees or bees with deformed wings or lots of dead bees at the entrance in Spring.
The afternoon was given to looking for Nosema. Nosema is where there is a spore in the bee gut and you may see yellow/brown streaking on the outside of the hive or on the frames inside. If not monitored and dealt with it could kill your colony. Testing involved mixing 1 ml of water per bee and squashing the mix. One drop of the liquid was placed on a glass slide and magnified x 400. Nosema spores look like little rice grains. We also were shown different pollen types in this mix. Some people did have Nosema and the recommendation was to perform a Shook Swarm or do a Bailey Frame Change ( both methods are in March Beachaire). One person on the course had brought samples from 4 of his bee hives and it turned out that he had Nosema in one hive but not in the other three even though the hives were side by side in his Apiary. Anyone with access to a microscope could easily do this at home.
The importance of having bees tested was stressed. Its a free service but still only 10% of beekeepers are doing it. It is easy…enough…to collect 30 bees(they must be older bees..not nurse bees) in a match box, freeze them and send samples to Dr Mary Coffey, Teagasc, Oak Park Carlow….the form necessary to send with the bees is on FIBKA website…. use the following link https://irishbeekeeping.ie/education/application-forms/. You will have to sign in. This is a totally confidential service.
Eleanor is a very interesting and entertaining lecturer and while we learned a lot we also had fun.
I will try to add some pictures to the gallery..I say try as using the website is very much an experiment also.
If you would like to register an expression of interest, without any commitment, we will contact you as soon as we have dates confirmed.
Please email: firstname.lastname@example.org to register.
As in Spring Irish bees become active again after the quiet winter months. Our Beginners’ Course facilitates a hands-on approach right from the start. The course comprises of a day’s workshop, covering the practical and theoretical aspects of the craft. Visits to working apiaries are organised during the beekeeping year.
The course will cover subjects like:
Beekeeping – What it entails
Workings of a bee colony
Controlling bees and working towards honey
Keeping bees healthy and solving problems
Nectar and pollen sources
Harvesting the honey
Including a visit to an Apiary to get a feel for our new friends.